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Dracaena – White and Jade Jewel Plant

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I am going to cover two plants in one today. Both are a white variegated Dracaena; one is called White Jewel and the other is a Jade Jewel. They require the same care it’s just their coloring that sets them apart. In fact, I find Dracaena plants confusing when it comes to properly identifying them. They both have strong white striping that contrasts beautifully with the broad-leafed deep green background. This species of the Dracaena family is more of a compact plant, which makes a stunning tabletop plant display.

Water Requirements

These plants have a reputation for not needing a lot of water. True, but they need a thorough soaking when the soil dries out! It is best to use filtered water, rainwater, or distilled water since they don’t like salts or minerals. Dracaenas prefer dry soil. If the soil remains soggy, it will promote fungus and root rot.

Light Requirements

A right mix of sunshine and shade is ideal for this dracaena, but it’s best to avoid direct sunlight. Although it grows quicker and better in bright light, you’ll also find it survives and thrives well enough in low light conditions.

Temperature Requirements

It prefers temperatures between 65 – 75 degrees (F). Under 55 degrees (F) will harm the plant, which may become noticeable if the leaves begin curling. Try and avoid the plant being near cold drafts, which will also cause harm.

Fertilizer – Plant Food

I feed mine once a month during the growing season with a 1/4 diluted complete liquid fertilizer.

Plant Characteristics to Watch For

Diagnosing what is going wrong with your plant is going to take a little detective work, but more so… patience! First of all, don’t panic and don’t throw a plant out prematurely. Take a few deep breaths and work down the list of possible issues. Below, I am going to share some typical symptoms that can arise. When I start to spot troubling signs on a plant, I take the plant into a room with good lighting, pull out my magnifiers, and begin by thoroughly inspecting the plant.

The leaves have brown tips

The leaves have black tips

Brown, dry spots on some of the leaves

The leaves have brown edges.

There are white deposits on the pot near the drain holes.

Small brown spots trimmed in yellow

The leaves are curling

Additional Care

Common Bugs to Watch For

If you want to have healthy house plants, you MUST inspect them regularly. Every time I water a plant, I give it a quick look-over.  Bugs/insects feeding on your plants reduces the plant sap and redirects nutrients from leaves. Some chew on the leaves, leaving holes in the leaves.  Also watch for wilting or yellowing, distorted, or speckled leaves. They can quickly get out of hand and spread to your other plants.


IF you see ONE bug, trust me, there are more. So, take action right away. Some are brave enough to show their “faces” by hanging out on stems in plan site. Others tend to hide out in the darnedest of places.


The sap is poisonous to animals. It is not considered toxic to people, but Dracaena is not fit for human consumption (stick to kale and spinach if you are craving greens). Keep it away from pets.

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